Have you ever come across someone suffering from a seizure? It can be quite a distressing situation, especially when you don’t know what to do. It is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain that can lead to a variety of physical and mental symptoms. Also, seizures can vary in intensity, duration, and the symptoms they produce. There are basically two kinds, Focal (Partial) seizures originate in a specific area of the brain and may affect only one part of the body or one side of the body. Depending on the specific area of the brain involved, focal seizures can cause various symptoms such as altered consciousness, repetitive movements, unusual sensations, or changes in emotions. Whereas Generalized seizures involve both sides of the brain and typically result in loss of consciousness. There are several types of generalized seizures, including tonic-clonic seizures (formerly known as grand mal seizures), absence seizures (formerly known as petit mal seizures), and atonic seizures. You should know that seizures can have various triggers, and some people with epilepsy have specific triggers that can provoke seizures.
What to Do If Someone Is Having a Seizure?
If you or someone you know is experiencing a seizure, here are some general steps to consider:
Stay Calm-while witnessing a seizure can be distressing, try to stay calm. Most seizures are not life-threatening and will pass on their own.
Time the Seizure’s length– note the start time of the seizure. Seizures that last longer than 5 minutes or follow each other in quick succession may require medical attention.
Protect the Head– you should gently place something soft under the person’s head to protect it from any impact.
Do Not Restrain– it is important that you do not restrain the person or put anything in their mouth. Contrary to popular belief, putting something in the mouth will not prevent choking and might actually cause harm.
Turn the Person on Their Side– if the person is lying down, gently turn them onto their side to help clear the airway and prevent choking.